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What Are the Elements of a Personal Injury Lawsuit?

Personal Injury Lawsuit – If you or your loved one is recovering from an injury due to another person’s recklessness or injury, you should consider filing a lawsuit for compensation. However, unlike other cases, personal injury lawsuits require that several elements should be met before you are awarded a settlement. The entire process is tasking but can be easier if you hire a personal injury attorney. Below are key elements that determine the outcome of a personal injury lawsuit.

1.Duty to Exercise Reasonable Care

Personal injury lawsuits heavily rely on the legal theory of negligence. All negligence claims should satisfy the existence of a reasonable duty. If the injury was due to a traffic accident, the t-fault driver has a duty to drive the vehicle with reasonable care to avoid hitting other users. Generally, everyone using the road has a duty to exercise reasonable care to others including,

  • Pedestrians
  • Motorcyclists
  • Bicyclists
  • Other motorists

Similarly, private property owners or business owners have a duty to exercise reasonable care for slip and fall accidents. On the other hand, healthcare professionals have a duty to exercise reasonable care when attending to patients. Based on these circumstances, the constitution of reasonable care depends on these situations. For instance, reasonable care involves adhering to medical care standards in medical malpractice cases.

2. Breach of Reasonable Care

Another major determinant in a personal injury case that should be satisfied is that the at-fault person failed to exercise or breached their duty to provide reasonable care. This might mean the person became reckless or ignored the standards, such as driving under the influence, failing to maintain their vehicle, or texting while driving. Even if the person had no intentions of causing harm, they are still liable for failing to act reasonably.

The court also considers if the victim was negligent and partially contributed to their injuries. If there is proof that the victim filing for damages was also negligent, the damages may be reduced or canceled entirely.


Personal injury cases should also satisfy the element of causation. Causation means that the actions of an at-fault person were the actual cause of injuries or damage. This means that the accident occurred mainly because the defendant breached their duty of reasonable care.

Similarly, the plaintiff’s liability will be reduced if their actions contributed to the accident. For instance, the plaintiff can only be compensated in Texas if their degree of fault is less than 50%, according to the modified comparative fault.

4.Suffered Actual Damages

The plaintiff must have suffered actual damages for compensation to be awarded due to at-fault’s negligence. The goal of filing a claim is for compensation, either due to injuries or property damage. Compensations aren’t viable if there are no injuries. Actual damages that qualify for a negligence claim include:

  • Pain and suffering
  • Medical costs tovarious doctors
  • Loss of income
  • Disability
  • Auto damage
  • Property damage
  • Loss of quality of life


A personal injury attorney can help determine if your case meets the above elements to warrant a personal injury lawsuit. Adam S. Kutner Accident & Injury Attorneys can evaluate your personal injury case and represent you in court.

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