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Meniere’s Disease – Definition, Symptoms, Causes, and More

Meniere’s Disease Definition

Meniere’s disease is a mess of the inner ear that shows dizzy spells (vertigo) and hearing loss. In most cases, it affects only one ear.

It can happen at any age, but it usually starts between young and middle-aged adults.

It considers a chronic condition, but various treatments can help relieve symptoms and minimize the long-term impact on your life.

What are the Symptoms of Meniere’s Disease?

meniere's disease

Signs and symptoms of Meniere’s disease include:

1. Recurring Episodes of Vertigo

  • You have a spinning interest that starts and stops spontaneously.
  • Attacks of vertigo occur without warning and usually last 20 minutes to several hours, but not more than 24 hours. Severe vertigo can cause nausea.

2. Hearing Loss

  • Hearing loss in it may come and go, particularly early on.
  • Eventually, many people have several permanent hearing loss.

3. Ringing in the Ear (Tinnitus)

  • Tinnitus is the concept of a ringing, buzzing, roaring, whistling, or hissing sound in your ear.

4. Feeling of Fullness in the Ear

  • People with it often feel pressure in an affected ear (aural fullness). After an attack, signs, and symptoms improve and might disappear entirely for a while.
  • Over time, the frequency of attacks may lessen.

What are the Causes of Meniere’s Disease?


The cause of Meniere’s disease is unknown. Meniere’s disease’s symptoms appear to result from an abnormal amount of fluid (endolymph) in the inner ear, but it isn’t clear what causes that to occur.

Factors that affect the fluid, which might give to it, include:

  • Improper fluid drainage, maybe because of a blockage or anatomic abnormality
  • Abnormal immune response
  • Viral infection
  • Genetic predisposition

Because no single source has been identifying, Meniere’s disease likely results from a combination of factors.

Complications of Meniere’s Disease

  • The unpredictable attack of vertigo and the prospect of permanent hearing loss can be the most challenging problems.
  • The disease can unexpectedly cut in your life, causing fatigue and stress.
  • Vertigo can cause you to lose balance, grow your risk of falls and accidents.

Diagnosis of Meniere’s Disease

meniere's disease

Your doctor will behaviour an exam and take a medical history. A diagnosis of Meniere’s disease needs:

  • Two attacks of vertigo, each lasting 20 minutes or longer but not longer than 12 hours
  • The hearing loss proved by a hearing test.
  • Tinnitus or care of fullness in your ear

1. Hearing Assessment

  • A hearing test (audiometry) rate how well you disclose sounds at different pitches and volumes and how well you distinguish between alike-sounding words.
  • People typically have problems hearing low frequencies or combined high and low frequencies with joint hearing in the midrange frequencies.

2. Balance Assessment

Between the attack of vertigo, the sense of balance returns to normal for most people with it. But your strength has some ongoing balance problems.

Tests that assess the purpose of the inner ear include:

Videonystagmography (VNG): This test evaluates the balance function by assessing eye movement. Balance-related sensors in the inner ear link to muscles that control eye movement. This link permits you to move your head while retaining your eyes centre on a point.

Rotary-Chair Testing: Like a VNG, this calculates the inner ear role build on eye movement. You sit in a computer-power rotating chair, which restores your inside ear.

Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials (VEMP) Testing: This check appears word for diagnosing and monitoring. It shows feature changes in the act on the ears of people with it.

Posturography: This computerized test discloses which part of the stability system — vision, inner ear function, or commotion from the skin, muscles, tendons, and joints — you respond on the most and which bit may source problems. While wearing a safety solidity, you stand in bare feet on a platform and keep your stability under various conditions.

Video Head Impulse Test (vHIT): This newer test uses video to determine eye reactions to the abrupt movement. While you centre on a point, your head turns fastly and unpredictably. If your eyes move off the kill when your head turns, you have an abnormal reflex.

Electrocochleography (ECoG): This check looks at the inner ear in response to sounds. It might help determine if there is an abnormal buildup of fluid in the inner ear but isn’t specific for it.

3. Tests to Rule Out Other Conditions

  • Blood tests and imaging scans like an MRI may rule out disorders that can cause problems similar to Meniere’s disease, such as a tumour in the brain or multiple sclerosis.

Treatment of Meniere’s Disease

No cure exists for Meniere’s disease. Some treatments can help reduce the severity and frequency of vertigo episodes. But, unfortunately, there aren’t any treatments for hearing loss.

1. Medications for Vertigo

Your doctor may prescribe medications to lay hod of during a vertigo attack to lessen the seriousness of an attack:

  • Motion sickness medications, like meclizine or diazepam (Valium), may relieve the spinning sensation and aid control nausea and vomiting.
  • Anti-nausea medications, like promethazine, might control nausea and vomiting during an attack of vertigo.

2. Long-Term Medication Use

  • Your doctor may order medication to relieve fluid retention (diuretic) and purpose that you limit your salt intake.
  • For some people, this combination helps control the severity and frequency of Meniere’s disease symptoms.

3. Noninvasive Therapies and Procedures

Many people with Meniere’s disease may advantage from other noninvasive therapies and procedures, such as:

Rehabilitation: If you have balance problems between vertigo episodes, vestibular rehabilitation therapy might better your balance.

Hearing Aid: A hearing help in the ear affected by Meniere’s disease might improve your hearing. Your doctor can mention you to an audiologist to discuss what hearing aid options would be best for you.

Complimentary Pressure Therapy: For vertigo, that’s hard to treat, this therapy involves applying pressure to the middle ear to lessen fluid buildup. A Minett pulse generator device uses pulses of pressure to the ear canal through a ventilation tube. You do the treatment at home, ordinary three times a day, for five minutes at a time.

Complimentary pressure therapy has shown improvement in vertigo symptoms, tinnitus, and aural pressure. Its long-term effectiveness determines yet. If the conservative treatments listed above aren’t lucky, your doctor might commend many of these extra aggressive treatments.

4. Middle Ear Injections

  • Medications injected into the central ear and then soak into the inside ear may improve vertigo symptoms. This treatment does in the doctor’s office. Injections obtain include:
  • Gentamicin, an antibiotic that’s toxic to your inner ear, relieve your ear’s balancing function, and your other ear assumes responsibility for balance. There is a danger, however, of further hearing loss.
  • Steroids, such as dexamethasone, also may aid control vertigo attacks in some people. However, dexamethasone may be slightly less successful than gentamicin.
  • It’s less likely than gentamicin to source further hearing loss.

5. Surgery

If vertigo episodes associated with Meniere’s disease are severe and debilitating, and other treatments don’t aid, surgery power is optional insert:

Endolymphatic sac procedure:  It plays a part in regulating inside ear fluid levels. During the process, the endolymphatic sac is decompressed, which can alleviate excess fluid levels. In some cases, this procedure, coupled with a shunt’s placement, a tube that drains extra fluid from your inner ear.

Labyrinthectomy: With this procedure, the surgeon removes the balance portion of the inside ear, removing both balance and hearing function from the affected ear. This procedure performs whether you already should near-total or total hearing loss in your act on the ear.

6. Vestibular Nerve Section

  • This procedure complex cutting the nerve that connects balance and moves sensors in your inside ear to the brain (vestibular nerve).
  • This procedure corrects problems with vertigo typically while attempting to preserve hearing in the affected ear. It keeps general anaesthesia and an overnight hospital stay.

When to See a Doctor

See your doctor whether you have signs or symptoms of it. Other illnesses can cause these problems, and it’s essential to get an accurate diagnosis as soon as possible.


Even though there’s no heal for Meniere’s disease, there are many strategies you might want to consider to relieve your symptoms.

In many people, spontaneous remission is common, although it can take years. And also, your doctor can aid find a treatment that’s right for you.

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